Basic Laws That Every Indian Should Know
Basic Laws That Every Indian Should Know. No matter who you are, where you are, you are subject to Laws. It is very essential for any Indian to be aware of the Basic Indian Laws to safeguard himself or his family during any critical situations. But the poor thing is, most of the people take this in easy way and try not to concentrate on the Basic Laws.
Much like any other subjects, Basic Law must also be taught to students to make them aware right from the younger age.
This does not mean that everyone must learn every possible books of Law. But, however, there are certain basic laws which everyone should learn. Statistics show that people are not familiar with most of the basic laws.
Recent studies indicate that a huge percentage of American Citizens are not aware of even Basic First Five amendments from the US constitution.
Those who are not familiar with laws are most likely to end up being sued, scammed, or even sent prison.
Many people end up in court fighting with each other without knowing the Basic Laws provided for them.
So let’s see few important laws which can be very useful to you at many times.
1. If a Police officer fails to record your initial complaint, he can receive a jail term for six months to Two years.
2. Any person arrested must be medically examined by the Doctor from an independent and approved panel of doctors, every 48 hours during detention.
3. Whenever a person is arrested he must be produced before the magistrate or judge within 24 hours of his arrest. No one can be detained by the Police beyond 24-hour period.
4. Whenever a person is arrested, police officials must wear visible and legible identification when arresting a person and when carrying him out for an interrogation.
5. If the police officer asks the person for the breathe test, he must obey him. If not obeyed, Police have the right to suspect him having alcohol in his blood and he can be arrested without any arrest warrant, unless he is hospitalized.
6. Section 326 B- Attacking someone with acid. Minimum imprisonment for five years to maximum 7 years.
7. Section 354 A- Sexual Harassment – Rigorous imprisonment up to five years or a fine, or both in most cases.
8. Section 354 B- Intending to disrobe a women- imprisonment for Three to seven years along with fine.
9. Section 354 D-Stalking- Imprisonment not less than one year but which may extend upto three years and shall not be liable to fine.
10. Whenever a person is arrested, he should be informed to the grounds for arrest and must be allowed to have his/her own choice of legal practitioner.
11. Section 184 and Section 185: On the basis of the first section, Police with his uniform may arrest a person without any warrant if a person commits a punishable offence of DANGEROUS DRIVING during the presence of that Police officer.
12. On the basis of the second section, Police officer with his uniform may arrest a person without any warrant if a person commits a punishable offence of DRUNKEN DRIVING during the presence of police officer.
13. The legal drinking age varies between each state in India. So, while the Legal drinking age in Maharashtra, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, and Meghalaya is 25 years, states such as Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Orissa is 21, and in Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh is 18.
14. Alcohol consumption is banned completely in Gujarat, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur and Lakshadweep.
15. Adultery in India is a criminal offence. Section 497 of the IPC criminalizes adultery.
16. It makes it an offence for a man to have sex with a married woman, and if caught and convicted, he can be jailed for up to 5 years.
17. The wife is not held liable in this case. Moreover, a married man who has sex with an unmarried woman who is not liable in any way- his marital status is of no consequence.
18. Section 354 C- Voyeurism- In case of first conviction, imprisonment not less than one year but can be extended upto three years and shall not be liable to fine, and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction. In such cases, imprisonment for the period of three to seven years and the person shall also be liable to fine.
Ignorance of Law is no defense:
In the court of Law, you cannot plead that you are not aware of the Law. This is what most of the people do. Thus, knowing the Basic Laws and following it becomes more important here.
While buying an immovable property:
Giving a public notice in the newspaper is a must. It doesn’t matter which one. It need not to be in English. Any language will do. This Public notice is what protects your interest in the court of law if you face any litigation regarding your purchased property.
Secondly, a legal search of the property must be conducted by hiring a Lawyer following which he gives as title note. Lawyers will then visit to the sub registrars’ office and conduct and checking the records of title documents.
Above lines are just Basic Laws which every Indian must know to protect himself or others during any critical situations.